castles

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Berkeley Castle: Medieval Fortification in England

Berkeley Castle's main claim to fame rests on its role as the final prison for King Edward II. It was here, in a small, squalid room just off the main entrance to the castle, that the unfortunate Edward was cruelly murdered by his captors in 1327. Lord Berkeley, owner of the castle and Edward's official gaoler, had a convenient alibi for the time of the murder, but it beggars [...]

By | 2017-12-01T17:23:44+00:00 December 1st, 2017|Categories: Castles, Constructions, Medieval|Tags: , , |0 Comments

Moorish Castle: Medieval Fortification in Portugal

The origins of the castle date back to the 8th century and invasion of the Muslim Moors from North Africa. The position of the Castelo dos Mouros was selected as it provided a suitable vantage point over the River Tagus and offered protection to the town of Sintra. Arab chronicles detailed that the Sintra region was very rich in cultivated fields and the Castelo dos Mouros was one of [...]

By | 2017-11-29T14:08:33+00:00 November 29th, 2017|Categories: Castles, Constructions, Medieval|Tags: , |0 Comments

Castel del Monte: 13th-Century Citadel in Italy

When the Emperor Frederick II built this castle near Bari in the 13th century, he imbued it with symbolic significance, as reflected in the location, the mathematical and astronomical precision of the layout and the perfectly regular shape. A unique piece of medieval military architecture, Castel del Monte is a successful blend of elements from classical antiquity, the Islamic Orient, and north European Cistercian Gothic. Brief synthesis Castel del [...]

By | 2017-11-23T07:16:05+00:00 November 23rd, 2017|Categories: Castles, Constructions, Medieval|Tags: , , |0 Comments

Chateau Du Haut Koenigsbourg: Fortification in France

Chateau Du Haut Koenigsbourg is a castle situated on a hilltop near Kintzheim and just west of Sélestat in Alsace (in the commune of Orschwiller). The castle is one of the most visited sites in Alsace, and in France, both for the castle itself and the far-reaching views. History of Chateau Du Haut Koenigsbourg It was as early as the 12th century that a castle first stood here because the [...]

By | 2017-11-21T07:09:46+00:00 November 21st, 2017|Categories: Castles, Constructions, Medieval|Tags: , , |0 Comments

Cité de Carcassonne: Medieval Fortification in France

Named a World Heritage Site in 1997, Cité de Carcassonne has a history spanning more than 2,000 years. The largest former fortress in Europe, it has played a decisive role in the history of Languedoc. An Iron Age Oppidum transformed into a Roman town in the 1st Century BCE, the city-state became the possession of the powerful Viscount Trencavel who ruled over Bas-Languedoc. Situated on the right bank of the [...]

By | 2017-11-19T11:18:06+00:00 November 19th, 2017|Categories: Castles, Constructions, Medieval|Tags: , , |0 Comments

Dunstanburgh Castle: Medieval Fortification in England

Dunstanburgh Castle is, without doubt, one of the most striking and evocative medieval castles in England. The Dunstanburgh Castle sits on high cliffs on a promontory overlooking the North Sea. The striking remains are all the more evocative when you consider that they can only be reached by a mile-long footpath along the coast from Embleton to the north or a slightly longer path from Craster to the south. The Dunstanburgh [...]

By | 2017-11-18T11:21:08+00:00 November 18th, 2017|Categories: Castles, Constructions, Medieval|Tags: , , |0 Comments

Caernarfon Castle: Medieval Fortification in Wales

Majestic Caernarfon Castle was built between 1283 and 1330 as a military stronghold, the seat of government and the royal palace. Designed and mainly supervised by Master James of St George, from Savoy, its brief and scale were extraordinary. Today Caernarfon Castle remains one of the most complete and impressive castles in Britain – you can walk on and through the interconnected walls and towers gathered around the central green, [...]

By | 2017-11-16T14:32:56+00:00 November 16th, 2017|Categories: Castles, Constructions, Medieval|Tags: , , |0 Comments

Oxford Castle: Medieval Fortification in England

Oxford was located at a fording point on the River Thames and was also on a key trading route between the Kingdoms of Mercia and Wessex. In the eighth century AD, St Frideswide monastery was founded there and a thriving market town known as ‘oxen-ford’ developed. Saxon Burh Oxford was converted into a burh (fortified town) during either the late ninth or early tenth century AD. Burhs were a [...]

By | 2017-11-13T07:55:11+00:00 November 13th, 2017|Categories: Castles, Constructions, Medieval|Tags: , , |0 Comments

Eger Castle: Medieval Fortification in Hungary

During the Mongol invasion in 1241, this castle was ruined, and the bishop of Eger moved it to a rocky hill in the city of Eger. On the hill, a new castle was built, and it developed rapidly. In 1470 a Gothic palace was built. By the 16th century, the Turkish invasion was in full swing, with Buda falling in the 1540’s. In 1552 the Turks turned their attention [...]

By | 2017-11-12T12:33:03+00:00 November 12th, 2017|Categories: Castles, Constructions, Medieval|Tags: , |0 Comments

Bamburgh Castle: Medieval Fortification in England

Bamburgh Castle occupies a strong defensive position on top of a long volcanic crag overlooking the North Sea. The site has been occupied since pre-historic times and, by the late Iron Age, was an important settlement of the Votadini tribe. A beacon was established on the site during the Roman era and it is possible Bamburgh acted as part of the warning system associated with the Saxon Shore defenses [...]

By | 2017-11-09T07:06:19+00:00 November 9th, 2017|Categories: Castles, Constructions, Medieval|Tags: , , |0 Comments

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