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Aristotle: Ancient Greek Philosopher and Scientist

Aristotle of Stagira was a Greek philosopher who pioneered systematic, scientific examination in literally every area of human knowledge and was known, in his time, as "the man who knew everything", and, later, as "The Philosopher". In the European Middle Ages, he is referred to as "The Master" in Dante's Inferno. All of these epithets are apt in that Aristotle wrote on, and was considered a master in, disciplines [...]

By | 2017-10-30T01:50:40+00:00 July 30th, 2017|Categories: Ancient Times, Public Figures|Tags: , |0 Comments

Ancient Athens and the Golden Age: Ancient Times

The city of Athens, Greece, with its famous Acropolis, has come to symbolize the whole of the country in the popular imagination, and not without cause. Ancient Athens began as a small, Mycenaen community and grew to become a city that, at its height, epitomized the best of Greek virtues and enjoyed such prestige that the Spartans refused to sack the city or enslave the citizens, even after Athens' defeat [...]

By | 2017-10-30T02:52:04+00:00 May 25th, 2017|Categories: Ancient Times|Tags: , |1 Comment

Peloponnesian War: Athens and Sparta in The Battle of Tanagra 457 BC

The Battle of Tanagra took place in 457 BC between Athens and Sparta during the First Peloponnesian War. Although it had won a hegemony over the Greek city-states from its leadership in the Persian Wars, the Spartan-led Peloponnesian League feared the growing power of the Athenian empire and worsened relations by repeated diplomatic affronts and demands. Background Wanting to deny any future Persian invasion a base from which to [...]

By | 2017-10-30T10:19:21+00:00 March 1st, 2017|Categories: Ancient Times|Tags: , , , |0 Comments

Hoplite and Phalanxe: War Killing Machines

A hoplite (from ta hopla meaning tool or equipment) was the most common type of heavily armed foot-soldier in ancient Greece from the 7th to 4th centuries BCE, and most ordinary citizens of Greek city-states with sufficient means were expected to equip and make themselves available for the role when necessary. Athens had a system of compulsory military service for 18-20-year-olds, but during a war, all male citizens up to [...]

By | 2016-12-28T16:19:45+00:00 December 9th, 2016|Categories: Ancient Times|Tags: , , , , |0 Comments

Parthenon: The Temple of Athens

Parthenon, chief temple of the Greek goddess Athena on the hill of the Acropolis at Athens, Greece. It was built in the mid-5th century BCE and is generally considered to be the culmination of the development of the Doric order, the simplest of the three Classical Greek architectural orders. The name Parthenon refers to the cult of Athena Parthenos (“Athena the Virgin”) that was associated with the temple. Architects of [...]

By | 2017-11-17T17:40:08+00:00 October 13th, 2016|Categories: Discoveries, Historical Events|Tags: , , , , , , |0 Comments

Pericles: The Leader of Athens

Ancient Greek statesman Pericles, leader of Athens from 460–429 B.C., organized construction of the Parthenon and developed a democracy based on majority rule. Synopsis Pericles was born c. 495 B.C. in Athens, Greece. After inheriting money as a teen, he became a great patron of the arts. In 461, he assumed In 461, he assumed rule of Athens—a role he would occupy until his death. During his leadership, he built [...]

By | 2017-01-01T16:04:44+00:00 October 12th, 2016|Categories: Ancient Times, Historical Events, Public Figures|Tags: , , |0 Comments

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