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World War I

The First Battle of Gaza was fought on March 26, 1917, and was part of the Middle Eastern Campaign of World War I (1914-1918). Having advanced across the Sinai in the wake of victories at Romani, Magdhaba, and Rafa, British forces prepared to attack into Palestine. Blocking their path was approximately 15,000 Turkish troops defending a line...

Ten years after the Greco-Turkish War (1897), the Hellenic Navy possessed a handful of outdated torpedo – ships and three battleships that had been built in 1889. At the end of 1908, the need for a combat worthy fleet led to its reinforcement with four brand new English and German destroyers (torpedo – ships). Amongst them was...

On August 5, 1914, the German army launches its assault on the city of Liege in Belgium, violating the latter country’s neutrality and beginning the first battle of World War I. By August 4, the German 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Armies—some 34 divisions of men—were in the process of aligning themselves on the right wing of...

Many historians and writers consider the Canadian victory at Vimy a defining moment for Canada when the country emerged from under the shadow of Britain and felt capable of greatness. Canadian troops also earned a reputation as formidable, effective troops because of the stunning success. But it was a victory at a terrible cost, with more than...

The battles of the Isonzo were so-named because they were fought along the Isonzo River on the eastern sector of the Italian Front between June 1915 and November 1917. The Isonzo is located today in present-day Slovenia. During the First World War however the sixty-mile long river ran north-south just inside Austria along its border with Italy...

At the end of 1917, the German high command found itself in a particularly favorable situation. The October Revolution and the subsequent disintegration of the Russian Army would allow the Germans to concentrate their fighting forces on the Western Front. It was in this context that Ludendorff began to prepare a massive and, what he hoped would...

The greatest naval battle of the First World War. Battle of Jutland had all the ingredients to be a great British naval victory, but in the event, the result was much less clear-cut. The recently appointed commander of the German High Seas Fleet, Reinhard Scheer, had returned to the policy of making sorties against the British coast,...

The Battle of Cambrai, an attack launched against the Hindenburg Line in November 1917, was yet another bloody and pointless offensive on the Western Front. Nevertheless, it revealed tactical innovations on both sides that would be used to great effect in the fighting of 1918 to end the deadlock which had paralyzed the belligerents on the...

Officially known as the Third Battle of Ypres, Passchendaele became infamous not only for the scale of casualties but also for the mud. Ypres was the principal town within a salient (or bulge) in the British lines and the site of two previous battles: First Ypres (October-November 1914) and Second Ypres (April-May 1915). Haig had long wanted...

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