A castle (from Latin: castellum) is a type of fortified structure built in Europe and the Middle East during the Middle Ages by European nobility. Scholars debate the scope of the word castle but usually consider it to be the private fortified residence of a lord or noble.
The origins of the castle date back to the 8th century and invasion of the Muslim Moors from North Africa. The position of the Castelo dos Mouros was selected as it provided a suitable vantage point over the River Tagus and offered protection to the town of Sintra. Arab chronicles detailed that the Sintra region was very rich in cultivated fields and the Castelo dos Mouros was one of [...]