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Ancient Times

The city of Athens, Greece, with its famous Acropolis, has come to symbolize the whole of the country in the popular imagination, and not without cause. Ancient Athens began as a small, Mycenaen community and grew to become a city that, at its height, epitomized the best of Greek virtues and enjoyed such prestige that the Spartans...

The Mayan civilization refers to both a modern-day people who can be found all over the world as well as their ancestors who built an ancient civilization that stretched throughout much of Central America, one that reached its peak during the first millennium A.D The Mayan civilization was never unified; rather, it consisted of numerous small states,...

In AD 391 the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius I closed all pagan temples throughout the empire. This action terminated a four-thousand-year-old tradition and the message of the ancient Egyptian language and the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics were lost for 1500 years. It was not until the discovery of the Rosetta stone and the work of Jean-Francois Champollion (1790-1832) that...

Phoenicians was an ancient civilization in Canaan which covered most of the western, coastal part of the fertile Crescent.Several major Phoenician cities were built on the coastline of the Mediterranean. It was an enterprising maritime trading culture that spread across the Mediterranean from 1550 BC to 300 BC. They were famed in Classical Greece and Rome as...

The battle of Raphia was the deciding battle of the Fourth Syrian War and was one of the largest battles of the Hellenistic period, involving between 120,000 and 150,000 men. For two years Antiochus III the Great had been campaigning in Coele-Syria, concentrating on capturing the numerous Egyptian strongholds in the area. While he was doing that,...

The Ancient superfood story goes, towards the end of Alexander the Great's military career on his way back from India and his last conquest in around 324 BC. He headed for home with the main body of his troops through the Gedrosian Desert and Makran region (now part of southern Iran and Pakistan). Toward the latter part of...

The Battle of Satala was fought between the forces of the Eastern Roman byzantine empire and the Sassanid (Persian) Empire in summer 530, near Satala in Byzantine Armenia. The Persian army approached the city to lay siege when it was attacked in the rear by a small Byzantine empire force. The Persians turned back to meet them but were...

The Battle of Changping (長平之戰) was a military campaign that took place during the Warring States period in ancient China. It concluded in 260 BC with a decisive victory by the State of Qin over the State of Zhao, greatly weakening Zhao. Qin invasion of Shangdang Qin invaded the State of Han in 265 BC to capture the...

The temple was begun by the tyrant Lygdamis, who ruled Naxos from 545 to 524 BC, but it was unfinished at the end of his reign and never thereafter completed. All that remains today are the platform of the temple, some columns and architectural fragments, and the northwest portal made from three massive blocks of Naxian...

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