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Ancient Times

Pyrrhus, King of Epirus in Northwest Greece and related by blood to the line of Alexander the Great, was himself a man of great ambition. Having lost his crown while still a child, he made a name for himself in service to the Diadochi, the successors of the great Alexander, and gained a great deal of...

By the mid 1st century BC the Roman military had grown accustom to the new style of fighting brought about through the Marian Reforms. Gone were the days of velites and principles financing their own equipment before marching off to war. Now the state supplied their new Legionnaires with their own equipment and men of all...

The Battle of Chrysopolis was fought on 18 September 324 at Chrysopolis (modern Üsküdar), near Chalcedon (modern Kadıköy), between the two Roman emperors Constantine I and Licinius. The battle was the final encounter between the two emperors. After his navy's defeat in the Battle of the Hellespont, Licinius withdrew his forces from the city of Byzantium across...

The city of Athens, Greece, with its famous Acropolis, has come to symbolize the whole of the country in the popular imagination, and not without cause. Ancient Athens began as a small, Mycenaen community and grew to become a city that, at its height, epitomized the best of Greek virtues and enjoyed such prestige that the Spartans...

The Mayan civilization refers to both a modern-day people who can be found all over the world as well as their ancestors who built an ancient civilization that stretched throughout much of Central America, one that reached its peak during the first millennium A.D The Mayan civilization was never unified; rather, it consisted of numerous small states,...

In AD 391 the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius I closed all pagan temples throughout the empire. This action terminated a four-thousand-year-old tradition and the message of the ancient Egyptian language and the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics were lost for 1500 years. It was not until the discovery of the Rosetta stone and the work of Jean-Francois Champollion (1790-1832) that...

Phoenicians was an ancient civilization in Canaan which covered most of the western, coastal part of the fertile Crescent.Several major Phoenician cities were built on the coastline of the Mediterranean. It was an enterprising maritime trading culture that spread across the Mediterranean from 1550 BC to 300 BC. They were famed in Classical Greece and Rome as...

The battle of Raphia was the deciding battle of the Fourth Syrian War and was one of the largest battles of the Hellenistic period, involving between 120,000 and 150,000 men. For two years Antiochus III the Great had been campaigning in Coele-Syria, concentrating on capturing the numerous Egyptian strongholds in the area. While he was doing that,...

The Ancient superfood story goes, towards the end of Alexander the Great's military career on his way back from India and his last conquest in around 324 BC. He headed for home with the main body of his troops through the Gedrosian Desert and Makran region (now part of southern Iran and Pakistan). Toward the latter part of...

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