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Oria, the 4000 Italian shipwrecked who said NO to Nazism. The memorial day: every 27th of January we remember the massacres committed by the Nazis, as a warning that something similar does not happen again. The mistake we maybe make is to limit – in this memory – only to people who died in the death camps,...

The Siege of Nürnberg was a battle campaign that took place in 1632 about the Imperial City of Nuremberg during the Thirty Years' War. Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, rather than engage the larger forces of Albrecht von Wallenstein, retreated into the city. Wallenstein immediately laid siege, an action that soon proved difficult for both sides. Despite Gustavus's efforts to...

The T-90S is the latest development in the T-series of Russian tanks and represents an increase in firepower, mobility, and protection. It is manufactured by Uralvagonzavod in Nizhny Tagil, Russia. The T-90S entered service with the Russian Army in 1992. In February 2001, the Indian Army signed a contract for 310 T-90S tanks: 124 were completed...

Pyrrhus, King of Epirus in Northwest Greece and related by blood to the line of Alexander the Great, was himself a man of great ambition. Having lost his crown while still a child, he made a name for himself in service to the Diadochi, the successors of the great Alexander, and gained a great deal of...

The Republic P-43 Lancer was a progressive development of the Seversky P-35. It can be regarded as an "intermediate" between the P-35 and the superlative P-47. During 1938, the Seversky Aircraft Corporation initiated work on two developments of the P-35. One was the AP-2, a conversion of an existing P-35 airframe with a Pratt and Whitney R-1830-19...

If it was completed during the fighting of World War 2, the Landkreuzer P.1000 Ratte would have been the largest tank ever produced. The Landkreuzer P.1000 "Ratte" (translating to "Rat") was a proposed super-heavy tank design of the German Krupp concern with origins in 1942. Hitler gave this mammoth undertaking his direct blessing as the program set...

In the months after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Allied forces suffered a string of reverses as Hong Kong, Singapore, and the Philippines were lost and the Japanese swept through the Pacific. Following the propaganda victory of the Doolittle Raid, the Allies succeeded in checking the advance of the Japanese at the Battle of the Coral...

The Panzer 4 is normally described as having been the mainstay of the German tank forces during the Second World War, but that is actually somewhat misleading. While it is true that the Panzer 4 was the only German tank to remain in production for the entire duration of the war, for the first three of those years...

After their first encounters with the Soviet KV-1s and T-34s, the German Army was poised to revise its tank design and take immediate action to bolster their firepower and protection. On one hand, they up-gunned the Panzer IV, which became the staple of the German tank forces, and, on the other, rearmed the StuG III as...

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