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When, on 4 October 1957, the Soviet Union successfully launched Sputnik 1 as the world's first artificial satellite, the western world took notice. It was a 22-inch diameter sphere, weighing 190.5 pounds, that circled the Earth once aver 1 hour 35 mins. The satellite had an elliptical orbit with an apogee of 947 km, and a perigee...

Pythagoras was a Greek mathematician known for formulating the Pythagorean Theorem. He was also a philosopher who taught that numbers were the essence of all things. Pythagoras associated numbers with virtues, colors, music and other qualities. He also believed that the human soul is immortal and after death, it moves into another living being, sometimes an animal. The...

Josef Mengele (1911-1979) was a German doctor and Nazi War Criminal who escaped justice after World War Two. During the Second World War, Mengele worked at the infamous Auschwitz death camp, where he conducted twisted experiments on the Jewish inmates before sending them to their deaths. Nicknamed “the Angel of Death,” Josef Mengele escaped to South America...

Sir Alexander Fleming was born at Lochfield near Darvel in Ayrshire, Scotland on August 6th, 1881. He attended Louden Moor School, Darvel School, and Kilmarnock Academy before moving to London where he attended the Polytechnic. He spent four years in a shipping office before entering St. Mary's Medical School, London University. He qualified with distinction in...

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